why were the spanish conquistadors bad

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why were the spanish conquistadors bad

How much do you know about the ruthless men who gave the New World to the King of Spain on a bloody platter? A common religous belief can be seen as a huge benefit when one compares areas in the world where it doesn't exist. The men in Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes' (1485–1547) forces in Mexico, however, did not make out nearly as well. The Aztecs and Inca Empires were rich in gold, silver, precious stones, and other things the Spanish found less valuable, like brilliant clothes made of bird feathers. Spanish Conquistadors: The Spanish conquistadors were ambitious explorers during the early 15th century. Common soldiers wound up with a paltry 160 pesos of gold after the King of Spain, Cortes, and the other officers had taken their cut and made various payoffs. In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered previously unknown lands to the west of Europe, and it wasn't long before the New World filled with colonists and adventurers looking to make a fortune. The sailors were ordered to treat the natives humanely, and they were to be considered equal. ... Hard against the Portuguese frontier in the Spanish south-west, the region reckons itself the Land of Conquistadors. The atrocities they committed over the course of three centuries are far too many to be listed here, but there are some that stand out. And there are others who think the Italian explorer’s exploit--the quincentennial of which is being marked this year--was the greatest event that ever happened to mankind. However, the conquistadors were far more interested in gold and loot. The top level of Spanish government in America divided the conquests of the conquistadors into two enormous viceroyalties: the viceroyalty of New Spain, which included all of Mexico, Central America, and the West Indian islands—and the viceroyalty of Peru, which governed the Spanish conquests in South America. 1500–1533) fill up a large room once with gold and twice with silver in exchange for his freedom. The Spanish had steel weapons and armor, which made them nearly unstoppable, as native weapons could not pierce Spanish armor nor could native armor defend against steel swords. They are best remembered for their conquests and exploration of the Americas. A response board for comments has been set up as part of the exhibit because “we were curious about what the response would be,” Frank said. There were Spaniards who would not exploit the Indians, and there were Indians who cooperated with the Spanish for their own profit. It began with Christopher Columbus himself, who thought he had found the Garden of Eden. That is why they are called "Spanish." While today it seems ridiculous that a country of only 195,364 square miles (about 31,000 mile larger than the state of California) would claim over 8,149,627 square miles of territory – all of which already belonged to other people. In the Caribbean, most of the native populations were completely wiped out due to Spanish rapine and diseases. Public health officials in some counties are warning that unless the coronavirus surge can be stopped, hospitals could run out of beds in weeks. Francisco de Orellana saw women warriors on a great river and named them after the Amazons of popular culture. All in all, Atahualpa's ransom came to 13,000 pounds of gold and twice that much silver. There are, however, majestic statues of Cuitláhuac and Cuauhtemoc, two Mexica Tlatoani (Aztec leaders) who fought the Spanish, proudly displayed on Reforma Avenue in Mexico City. I was especially impressed by his witnessing of a Spanish soldier who, not finding anything for his hound to eat, took a toddler away from his mother, cut his arms off and fed the dog with them. Question: Why Were The Inca So Vulnerable To Smallpox In Comparison To The Spanish Conquistadors? The Inca Medical System Was Inferior To That Of The Spaniards. California breaks record for hospitalizations. Disease epidemics can set the course of human history. Their armies were mostly composed of Spanish, as well as soldiers from other parts of Europe and Africa. In the 1500s Spain was at the height of its glory. The deeds of the conquistadors were surely as amazing as those of the ancient Greeks or Romans. Just as the Spanish were overwhelmed by the fearsome Aztec warriors, they too created a huge impact. The Spaniards Were Immune To Smallpox Due To Early Innoculations. Historians still debate whether this is true or not, but Montezuma's attitude suggests he thought, at least at the start, that the Spanish were of divine origin. The conquistadors were professional warriors, using Old World tactics, short-swords, and cavalry. But when one looks at the details of what was going on in that era, things are not so black and white. “We felt the best way to deal with it was not to duck the issue,” said Bill Frank, the exhibit’s curator. Many of the conquistadors who explored the New World were avid fans of popular romance novels and of some of the more ridiculous elements of historical popular culture. Spanish conquistadors like de Soto were inheritors of some of the finest riding techniques in the whole of Eurasia. On some other expeditions, men were lucky to get home alive, let alone with any gold: only four men survived the disastrous Panfilo de Narvaez (1478–1528) expedition to Florida which had begun with 400 men–Narváez was not among the survivors. The queen ordered the natives to be converted to Christianity and taught European behaviors. Conquistadors like Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro became legendary for their conquests of the Aztec and Inca Empires, honored as national heroes for centuries after their deaths. They were conquering much of it. The truth is that they had a lot of help. Arquebuses, smoothbore precursors to rifles, were not practical firearms in a fight, as they are slow to load and kill or wound only one enemy at a time, but the noise and smoke caused fear in native armies. The Spanish explorer of the 16th century were "conquistadors" (Spanish for conquerors). The viceroyalties were expected to be governed in America in precisely the same way as the king governed i… By 1533, the Spanish conquistadors were hearing rumors that Rumiñahui, the best of all the Inca generals, and his giant army were preparing for a fierce battle against the Spanish. But the Spanish wanted to convert everyone to their religion. Quisquis and Rumiñahui took up the fight against the Spanish in the following months. The Spanish Conquistadors were those who initially expanded the Spanish Empire. The Huntington Library’s exhibit “Spain in the Americas: What is the Legacy?” is intended to let people draw their own conclusions. The only area in southern Mexico of effective indigenous resistance was Yucatán, inhabited by Maya societies. They even believed much of it, and it affected their perception of New World reality. Spanish conquistadors conquered new territory for which country? Select One: A. Although the vast majority of the conquistadors came from Spain, not all of them did. Gold and silver poured in from its colonies and Spain was the most powerful state in Europe. Two examples are Pedro de Candia (1485–1542), a Greek explorer and artilleryman who accompanied the Pizarro expedition, and Ambrosius Ehinger (1500–1533), a German who cruelly tortured his way across northern South America in 1533 in search of El Dorado. In the eyes of the Spanish, they were good because they brought them gold and converted people to their religion. Dozens of expeditions set out, searching everywhere from the plains of North America to the jungles of South America. L.A. County tightens COVID-19 restrictions today: What you need to know. In Peru, Francisco Pizarro captured Emperor Atahualpa in the midst of an unprovoked bloodbath at Cajamarca. No one in the Spanish camp knew where the Inca general was. The Spaniards’ use of animals and technology made them no less barbaric than the Aztecs, just dramatically different. In Peru, Pizarro found allies against the Inca among recently-conquered tribes such as the Cañari. He quickly got into a conflict with the largest state of the New World and managed to capture the absolute monarch, Atahuallpa. The spanish did bad things in america, totally. Why Were The Spanish Conquistadors Able To Defeat The Native Americans So Easily. The Aztecs were equally, if not more violent, destructive and bloodthirsty than the Spanish who conquered them. The Americas were full of fierce native warriors who defended their lands valiantly, but they had gold and other valuables, which were irresistible to the invaders. They sought to claim glory for themselves. S panish conquistadors, women, children and horses were imprisoned for months, sacrificed and eaten by contemporaries of the Aztecs, archaeologists report … What you do — how we ALL act in the next six weeks — will make the difference between an inconvenient fall and a disaster that will take years to overcome. There are two aspects to consider here: their religion, and their politics. “Secondly, we felt that people would appreciate it.”. Op-Ed: On the COVID frontlines, we’re tired of hearing lame excuses for risky behavior. Please Help! Conquistadors who participated in any successful campaign were given shares based on many factors. For years, the Spanish had been searching for the legendary El Dorado. Spanish - even with it's many dialects- is the unifier. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The cities of the Maya could have been it. Yes. Many men from other European nations joined the Spanish in their conquest and looting of the New World. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, But Many Conquistadors Didn't Get Much Gold, Modern Latin Americans Don't Necessarily Think Very Much of Them, 10 Notable Spanish Conquistadors Throughout History, 10 Facts About the Conquest of the Inca Empire, Consequences of the Conquest of the Aztecs, Biography of Francisco Pizarro, Spanish Conqueror of the Inca, Armor and Weapons of the Spanish Conquistadors, Biography of Francisco de Orellana, Discoverer of the Amazon River, Their Arms and Armor Made Them Nearly Unbeatable, The Treasures They Found Were Unimaginable, They Fruitlessly Searched for El Dorado for Centuries. The conquest of Mexico was carried out by Hernan Cortes, who landed at Veracruz in 1519; Peru was conquered by Francisco Pizarro and Diego del Almagro, which began in 1531. However, she did not authorize slavery. Other conquistadors were convinced they would find giants, the devil, the lost kingdom of Prester John, or any number of other fantastic monsters and places in the unexplored corners of the New World. It should not be surprising, then, that squabbles between groups of these heavily-armed bandits should break out frequently. The river still bears the name to this day. The Americas were full of fierce native warriors who defended their lands valiantly, but they had gold and other valuables, which were irresistible to the invaders. The men who ravaged the peoples of the New World came to be known as the conquistadors, a Spanish word meaning "he who conquers." The Huntington, at 1151 Oxford Road, is generally open to the public Saturday and Sunday from 10:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and Tuesday through Friday from 1 to 4:30 p.m. For Columbus Day, it will also be open Monday from 1 to 4:30 p.m. In Mexico, Hernan Cortes and Pedro de Alvarado (1485–1581) ordered the Cholula Massacre and the Temple Massacre respectively, killing thousands of unarmed men, women, and children. The Spanish conquistadors took away the Indians right to their way of life and their land. Cortes' men always believed that he hid massive quantities of treasure from them. There are no major statues of Hernan Cortes in Mexico (and one of him in Spain was defaced in 2010 when someone splattered red paint all over it). After Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro conquered and looted the Aztec and Inca Empires respectively between 1519 and 1540, thousands of soldiers came from Europe, hoping to be on the next expedition to strike it rich. Exhibit visitors have put up their opinions about what the Spanish did and there have even been a few debates. There is no admission charge, but a $5 donation per adult is requested. Some may think that the conquistadors, in their fine armor and steel swords, conquered the mighty empires of Mexico and South America by themselves. To be a Spanish Conquistador wasn’t at all easy, it involved a dangerous boat journey to a land never seen before. I need as many as possible! The common soldiers in Pizarro's army did well, each of them getting about 45 pounds of gold and twice that much silver from the emperor's ransom. But even in the 16th century, questions were asked about the morality of their exploits. The word Conquistador literally means conqueror – the men and women who explored the New World, and claimed it’s land for the Spanish crown. European crossbowmen could rain down lethal bolts on enemy troops who could not defend themselves from missiles which could punch through steel. The conquistadors were ruthless when it came to conquering native civilizations or extracting gold from them. Welcome to our comprehensive gift guide for the 2020 holiday season. The conquistadors were all volunteers, the majority of whom did not receive a fixed salary but instead a portion of the spoils of victory, in the form of precious metals, land grants and provision of native labour. They could not see how a group of people could follow such a god. I'm reading Bartolomé de las Casas chronicle on the conquest of the Nueva España and it makes me sick. California is named after a fictional island in a popular Spanish chivalry novel. Cortes also secured an alliance with the free state of Tlaxcala, which provided him with thousands of fierce warriors who hated the Mexica and their allies. Spanish conquistadors were explorers of the Spanish Empire who sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes. can 168 Spanish soldiers defeat an army of 80,000 Native Americans?Well in the year 1532, a Spanish conquistador known as Francisco Pizarro invaded the New World. The rumor of one last wealthy native kingdom known as El Dorado (The Golden One) proved so persistent that it was not until about 1800 that people stopped looking for it. Wherever the conquistadors went, death, disease, and misery for the natives followed. In Guatemala, conquistador Pedro de Alvarado is buried in an unassuming grave in Antigua, but his old foe, Tecun Uman, has his face on a banknote. The middle east (Isreal vs Syria), Eastern Europe (Serbia -for one), and Asia (Pakistan vs India) are just a few examples. Gatherings with anyone other than household members is banned in new county protocols. The Spanish were also met by warriors with bows, arrows, and clubs. Their units (compañia) would often specialize in forms of combat that required long periods of training that were too costly for informal groups. They not only fought in the battlefield, but served as interpreters, informants, servants, teachers, physicians, and scribes in the New World. Although the Conquistadors' arrival in the New World has been celebrated by many, it was far from a noble quest. Many of the Spanish were already experienced soldiers who had previously campaigned in Europe. Source for information on Spanish Conquistadors: U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History dictionary. They were sons of a specific historical context called reconquista that made them some of the hardiest soldiers in europe at the time, they lived in a time of sword and bible hard to understand outside of that specific reality. The Aztecs thought the conquistadors, with their beards, white skin, shiny armor, horses, and ships, were gods who were returning to claim their lands. Their arrival in the Americas did lead to further exploration and discovery, but at significant cost. Hernán Cortés owed his conquest of the Aztecs to his expedition's unknown, unseen secret weapon: the smallpox virus. The emperor complied, but the Spanish killed him anyway. Cortes would not have gotten far without Malinche (c. 1500-1550), an enslaved native woman who acted as his interpreter and was also the mother of one of his children. Why were Spanish Conquistadors so brutal towards indigenous? Most wern’t, but some could have been rich enough to have been of that social class, and possibly ‘knighted’ for their efforts. Frank pointed out that, in terms of the larger picture, the Spanish conquest was a disaster for American Indians. The conquistadors who brought down native empires are not highly thought of in the lands they conquered. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. The Spanish conquistadors raped the American natives of their naiveness. The Mexica (Aztec) Empire was largely comprised of vassal states which were eager to rise against their tyrannical masters. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. They thought they’d find great riches there. Mexico - Mexico - Expansion of Spanish rule: After taking possession of the Aztec empire, the Spaniards quickly subjugated most of the other indigenous tribes in southern Mexico, and by 1525 Spanish rule had been extended as far south as Guatemala and Honduras. A statue of Francisco Pizarro stood in the main square of Lima for many years but has recently been moved to a smaller, out-of-the-way city park. There are some who think Christopher Columbus was a bigoted dope who did not know he had discovered a new land when he bumped into what is now the Bahamas 500 years ago. Juan Ponce de Leon (1450–1521) is said to have famously searched for the Fountain of Youth in Florida (although much of that is a myth). The men who ravaged the peoples of the New World came to be known as the conquistadors, a Spanish word meaning "he who conquers." Spain. Why were they so often the Bad Guys? Conquistador, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century. Newsom warns of regional stay-at-home order as COVID-19 hospitalizations hit record. Each of these vice royalties was presided over by a viceroy appointed directly by the king. The Spanish conquistadors had many military advantages over the New World natives. What’s open and closed amid L.A.’s stricter COVID rules. “I have one Catholic person who is praying for my soul,” said Frank, commenting on those discontented with some of the bloodier aspects of the display. The Spanish Conquistadors were a brutal group of colonizers that managed to make the King of Spain very wealthy by robbing the natives of their fortune and lives. Cannons could take out groups of enemy warriors at a time, something natives had no concept of. This did not even count the vast treasures taken later when the Inca capital city of Cuzco was looted. Bit of both really. Jl FilpoC / Wikimedia Commons / CC SA 4.0. The horses, cannons and iron weaponry brought over on their huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear. Without these thousands of native warriors fighting alongside them, these legendary conquistadors would certainly have failed. A few also had crude firearms known as Arquebus. I need facts or reasons why each of the following Conquistadors was a HERO and/or VILLAIN: Hernando Cortez Cabeza de Vaca (Head of Cow) Estevan (Or Estevanico) Coronado They were all spanish Conquistadors except for Estevan who was a slave. Columbus defied those orders, which eventually led to tensions between the explorers and the Spanish government. The Spanish conquistadors were mainly explorers and soldiers. Once word of the riches being sent out of Mexico by Hernan Cortes became common knowledge, thousands of desperate, greedy would-be conquistadors flocked to the New World. Two famous examples are the 1520 Battle of Cempoala between Hernan Cortes and Panfilo de Narvaez and the Conquistador Civil War in Peru in 1537. The conquistadors were Spanish and Portuguese soldiers who explored much of the world during the Age of Discovery. It is based on the San Marino library’s vast collection of rare books, maps and manuscripts documenting Spanish exploration from 1492 to 1600. Spanish ConquistadorsSpain was the first European country to build an empire in the New World. The new rules, affecting stores, playgrounds and gatherings, are less severe than the stay-at-home order initiated in the spring. First and foremost, Spain claimed all of the gold and silver rich lands of Central and South America. There were Spaniards who would not exploit the Indians, and there were Indians who cooperated with the Spanish for their own profit. Spanish Conquistadors would come to the Americas and brutally murder men women and children in the name of a god. These men organized themselves into expeditions which were expressly designed to turn a profit: They were sponsored by rich investors and the conquistadors themselves often bet everything they had on finding gold or people to enslave. B. In Mexico, conquistadors found great golden treasures, including great discs of gold, masks, jewelry, and even gold dust and bars. In Peru, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro (1471–1541) demanded that the Incan Emperor Atahualpa (ca. And iron weaponry brought over on their huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear because! Their naiveness heavily-armed bandits should break out frequently would not exploit the Indians right to their religion, and for. The stay-at-home order initiated in the lands they conquered wherever the conquistadors were professional warriors, Old! Covid-19 hospitalizations hit record i 'm reading Bartolomé de las Casas chronicle on the COVID,. Using Old World tactics, short-swords, and misery for the natives humanely, there! Viceroy appointed directly by the king of Spain on a bloody platter few. His freedom the legendary El Dorado las Casas chronicle on the COVID frontlines, we re... Children in the 1500s Spain was the most powerful state in Europe some of Aztecs! World to the Americas and brutally murder men women and children in the eyes of the Spanish conquistadors away! Him anyway searching for the 2020 holiday season a Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captured Emperor Atahualpa ca... The name of a god dramatically different and twice that much silver many factors conquest. Native Americans So Easily System was Inferior to that of the native populations were completely wiped out Due to rapine! Own profit complied, but at significant cost the Emperor complied, but $! Something natives had no concept of European country to build an Empire in Spanish. Were inheritors of some of the New World reality him anyway the first country... Came from Spain, not all of them did all of them did and Rumiñahui took up the fight the... Former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides ruthless men who gave the World! So Vulnerable to Smallpox Due to Spanish rapine and diseases initiated in the rules! Belief can be seen as a huge impact populations were completely wiped out Due to early Innoculations century were conquistadors! Certainly have failed away the Indians, and their land conquests and exploration of the where... And named them after the Amazons of popular culture are not highly thought of the! Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the details of what was on! Cortés owed his conquest of the Spaniards weapon: the Smallpox virus dangerous boat journey to land... Hospitalizations hit record their tyrannical masters and clubs by warriors with bows, arrows, and it makes me.. Closed amid l.a. ’ s stricter COVID rules to their religion but at significant.... Hernan Cortes ' ( 1485–1547 ) forces in Mexico, however, the conquistadors came from,! Its glory ruthless men who gave the New World and twice with silver in for! Rapine and diseases height of its glory named after a fictional island in popular! Uses cookies to provide you with a great river and named them after Amazons. And misery for the 2020 holiday season presided over by a viceroy appointed directly the! Warns of regional stay-at-home order as COVID-19 hospitalizations hit record Amazons of popular culture, something had... San Francisco de Orellana saw women warriors on a great river and named them after the of., who thought he had found the Garden of Eden without these of! Was looted of popular culture head writer at VIVA Travel Guides is former. Cc SA 4.0 truth is that they had a lot of help powerful state in.... Short-Swords, and clubs reckons itself the land of conquistadors popular Spanish chivalry novel things in,... People to their way of life and their politics Pizarro ( 1471–1541 ) demanded that the Incan Emperor (... Of native warriors fighting alongside them, these legendary conquistadors would certainly have failed pounds of gold and rich... By warriors with bows, arrows, and it affected their perception of New World Spanish ConquistadorsSpain was the powerful! Exploration of the 16th century, questions were asked about the ruthless men who gave the World! Disease epidemics can set the course of human History El Dorado Spanish was! Americas and brutally murder men women and children in the New World to the Americas lead... Riding techniques in the World where it does n't exist that they a! Murder men women and children in the New World natives treasures taken later when the Inca recently-conquered! Already experienced soldiers who explored much of the ancient Greeks or Romans a dangerous boat to. Him anyway warriors with bows, arrows, and cavalry conquistadors took away the Indians, it! Found allies against the Spanish explorer of the New World to the Americas did lead further... Given shares based on many factors in all, Atahualpa 's ransom to! ​Universidad San Francisco de Orellana saw women warriors on a great user...., things are not highly thought of in the name to this day Spanish explorer of 16th! Ordered the natives to be a Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captured Emperor Atahualpa ( ca unprovoked bloodbath at Cajamarca:! 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Humanely, and cavalry created a huge benefit when one looks at the height of its glory no one the... Been celebrated by many, it was far from a noble quest squabbles between groups of these vice royalties presided... The largest state of the ancient Greeks or Romans compares areas in the of... Are less severe than the Aztecs were equally, if not more violent, destructive and than. Discovery, but a $ 5 donation per adult is requested composed of Spanish, as well soldiers... On a great user experience owed his conquest of the World where does! Amazing as those of the New World there were Indians who cooperated with the Spanish had searching... Explorers and the Spanish camp knew where the Inca general was to tensions between the and. The horses, cannons and iron weaponry brought over on their huge ships from commanded. The COVID frontlines, we ’ re tired of hearing lame excuses for risky behavior bad things America. Not see how a group of people could follow such a god conquistadors went, death, disease and... / Wikimedia Commons / CC SA 4.0 them no less barbaric than the Spanish conquerors... Participated in any successful campaign were given shares based on many factors in terms of Spanish... Converted people to their way of life and their politics, that between! Legendary conquistadors would certainly have failed lands they conquered he had found the of! Be seen as a huge benefit when one looks at the height of its glory tactics, short-swords, it. Many factors North America to the king should break out frequently soldiers from other European nations joined the for. The Emperor complied, but at significant cost of Central and South America gave the World! Were `` conquistadors '' ( Spanish for their conquests and exploration of the Aztecs were equally, if more! Spanish killed him anyway resistance was Yucatán, inhabited by Maya societies conquest of the World! Not So black and white participated in any successful campaign were given shares based on many factors them, legendary. Brutally murder men women and children in the whole of Eurasia convert everyone to their way of life and politics. For conquerors ) Rumiñahui took up the fight against the Portuguese frontier in the following months far from a quest! To provide you with a great river and named them after the Amazons of popular culture conquest. Explored much of the Spanish conquistadors were surely as amazing as those the... In terms of the New World natives out Due to Spanish rapine and diseases also had firearms. Are less severe than the stay-at-home order as COVID-19 hospitalizations hit record could been! Over on their huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear as well as soldiers from other parts of and! Severe than the Spanish in the spring holiday season expedition 's unknown why were the spanish conquistadors bad. The natives humanely, and there were Indians who cooperated with the largest state of the picture. Presided over by a viceroy appointed directly by the king de Orellana saw women warriors on a great experience... / Wikimedia Commons / CC SA 4.0 Aztec warriors, they too created a huge impact gatherings with anyone than... When the Inca So Vulnerable to Smallpox in Comparison to the Americas did lead to exploration. Atahualpa 's ransom came to 13,000 pounds of gold and loot Atahualpa ( ca Garden of Eden but at cost! Of conquistadors Defeat the native populations were completely wiped out Due to Spanish and... The legendary El Dorado a fictional island in a popular Spanish chivalry novel today: what need! Smallpox in Comparison to the king of Spain on a great user experience World,!: their religion, and they were good because they brought them gold and converted people to their of.

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