Research has also shown that dogs may be infected with norovirus (a cause of human stomach flu) in households where their human companions have had norovirus, and the dog may have symptoms. Dogs with the flu may have cough, runny nose, fever, eye discharge and reduced appetite and playtime. The dog flu can be just as hard for your pet to go through as the human flu is for you. Warning signs that your pet might be sick with influenza are similar to human symptoms : Caring for a dog with the flu is similar to caring for a human who’s been infected: Plenty of liquids and rest are in order. June 2018: A new strain was detected (H1N1) in dogs in China (no cases in the U.S. detected). Can Dogs Catch The Flu From Humans? These viruses are different from those that cause the flu in humans. No. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. A kennel cough is the most obvious example of this, as this condition spreads around dogs as quickly, easily and ruthlessly as the common cold does among humans. The key difference between canine and human influenza is its contagion properties. A dog passing their sickness onto their pooch playmates, however, is very, very common. The first identified case of dog flu in the United States, also known as canine flu, occurred in March of 2015 in Chicago, according to the American Veterinary Medical Foundation. Treatment largely consists of supportive care which helps to keep the dog hydrated and comfortable while its body then mounts an immune response to the infection to facilitate recovery. In general, canine influenza viruses are thought to pose a low threat to people. What is CDC doing about canine influenza? DOGS could end up spreading a deadly influenza among humans and spark a Spanish flu style pandemic which could kill millions. Exclusive Q and A with IBT's Social Capital team. ", Man Shoots Neighbors, Self Over Dog Poop Dispute, Husky Kills Nearly 30 Animals, Owner Faces Charges, Why 2021 Might Be The Year To Sell Your Home. The strain of flu virus that causes infection in dogs is a mutated horse virus. Both primarily infect the respiratory system and are extremely contagious. H3N8 equine influenza (horse flu) viruses have been known to exist in horses for more than 40 years. Vaccines to protect dogs against both H3N8 and H3N2 canine flu are available in the United States. Because the influenza virus mutates rapidly, it is certainly within the realm of possibility that, someday, a strain of flu that spreads between humans and dogs will evolve. It is extremely infectious between dogs, but there is no evidence that dogs can give it to people or cats, or indeed that the human flu virus can be passed to dogs. Clothing, equipment, surfaces, and hands should be cleaned and disinfected after exposure to dogs showing signs of respiratory disease. Human flu can spread to pigs and birds and vice versa. In 2016, CDC used the Influenza Risk Assessment Tool to evaluate the potential pandemic risk of canine influenza H3N2 viruses and found it to be low. There is more than one case of dogs becoming ill from an influenza-infected human. "There are attempts to restrict influenza virus in pigs through vaccination and one could consider vaccination for dogs.". As in humans, these may cause diarrhea in cats and dogs, or they may have no symptoms. First, CDC continues to conduct year-round surveillance for seasonal and novel influenza A viruses and all human infections with novel influenza A viruses are fully investigated. This is now considered a dog-specific, or canine, H3N8 virus. And while there is no indication the dog flu can cause human illness, dogs, as well as cats, can contract the human flu virus. Gastroenteritis in dogs refers to an inflammation or irritation of the stomach and intestines. "In our study, what we have found is another set of viruses that come from swine that are originally avian in origin, and now they are jumping into dogs and have been reassorted with other viruses in dogs," added Garcia-Sastre, the director of the Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. Anyone with concerns about their pet’s health, or whose pet is showing signs of canine influenza, should contact their veterinarian. However, CDC is doing a number of things to be prepared in the unlikely event that canine influenza becomes a threat to humans or to animals other than canines. In September 2005, this virus was identified by experts as a “newly emerging pathogen in the dog population” in the United States. More information on canine influenza in pet dogs can be found at the following links: To receive weekly email updates about Seasonal Flu, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dogs can’t get the human flu, nor carry it to others. Like a human with a cold or flu, dogs will want to sleep most of the day as their body fights the virus. DOGS could end up spreading a deadly influenza among humans and spark a Spanish flu style pandemic which could kill millions. For everyone’s sake, still maintaining your pet’s good health and hygiene can go a long way in keeping both your family and your pet happy and healthy. There are no reported cases of humans getting the flu from an infected dog. Scientists believe this virus jumped species (from horses to dogs) and has adapted to cause illness in dogs and spread among dogs, especially those housed in kennels and shelters. The symptoms are similar to what we see when we get the flu. "If there is a lot of immunity against these viruses, they will represent less of a risk, but we now have one more host in which influenza virus is starting to have diverse … characteristics, creating diversity in a host which is in very close contact to humans," Garcia-Sastre said. This is related to the swine flu strain that infected humans in 2009. This is very reminiscent of what happened in swine 10 years before the H1N1 pandemic," Garcia-Sastre said. Like when the H1N1 flu virus jumped from swine to humans in 2009, sparking the influenza pandemic that killed an estimated 150,000 to 600,000 people, from 2009 to 2010, and a few cats, as well. Canine influenza may be endemic in some regional dog populations of the United States. Just like in humans, canine influenza is a highly infectious respiratory disease. Fluids are also pivotal to a dog … This “dog flu” is an upper respiratory infection much like the one we experience. H3N2 canine influenza viruses were first detected in the United States in April 2015, and has now been found in more than 30 states. Researchers said future studies will reveal if and how humans can be immune to canine H1N1. In the milder form of the disease, this care may include medication to make your dog be more comfortable and fluids to ensure that your dog remains well-hydrated. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services (VS) has animal health requirementsExternal related to bringing (importing) a pet dog to the United States from a foreign country. Current CDC influenza virus regulations apply only to viruses with pandemic potential in people. However, influenza viruses are constantly changing and it is possible that a canine influenza virus could change so that it could infect people and spread easily between people. Scientists fear … CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. CDC twenty four seven. Researchers found flu strains can jump from pigs to dogs and could affect humans as they spend a lot of time with their pets. The severity of illness associated with canine flu in dogs can range from no signs to severe illness resulting in pneumonia and sometimes death. “The vast majority of dogs in the U.S. have not been previously infected or vaccinated against dog flu.” It's possible for people to give their dogs the virus, too. This season, the dog influenza virus has turned up everywhere from California to Washington to Pennsylvania and even in Canada, according to Newsweek. About 2-3 days after infection, your dog will develop a persistent cough, … However, for now, you can rest assured that no cases have been transmitted from dogs to humans. To date, the H3N2 canine viruses reported in the U.S. have been almost genetically identical to canine H3N2 viruses previously reported only in Asia. In fact, there are two specific types of flu viruses that can cause the flu, or canine influenza, in dogs. "The United States is free of avian influenza because every time avian influenza has been detected in poultry in this country, the chickens or turkeys are culled and eliminated from circulation," Garcia-Sastre explained in a news release. The 1918 flu caused an abnormally high number of deaths, possibly due to it provoking a cytokine storm in the body. The usual symptoms of gastroenteritis in dogs include vomiting and diarrhea, though a range of other digestion-related symptoms may also occur. newly emerging pathogen in the dog population, Influenza A Virus (H3N8) in Dogs with Respiratory Disease, Florida, April 2015 Chicago H3N2 canine influenza outbreak, Update on Canine Influenza (Dog Flu) Outbreak Reported in Chicago Area, Influenza A Virus (H3N8) in Dogs with Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Influenza A Subtypes and Species Affected, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. Can canine influenza viruses infect people? Scientists … However, if left untreated, it can develop into pneumonia and at that point, can become dangerous. How is the Flu Different in Dogs and Humans? Third, CDC conducted a risk assessment on the pandemic potential of canine H3N2 viruses using the Influenza Risk Assessment Tool, and found it to be low risk. Move their bed into a quiet place such as a spare room so your dog will be able to enjoy peace and quiet all day long. No, Killer Dog Flu Isn't the Next Human Pandemic A study about a new strain of canine influenza made waves this week. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. However, for now, you can rest assured that no cases have been transmitted from dogs to humans. Canine influenza H3N8 viruses originated in horses, spread to dogs, and can now spread between dogs. The strain of flu virus that causes infection in dogs is a mutated horse virus. Most dogs recover within 2 to 3 weeks. To keep pets safe, more pet care facilities are requiring Dog Flu vaccinations for all dogs, similar to requirements for Bordetella–another highly contagious pathogen that causes respiratory disease. The findings, published June 5 in the journal mBio, highlights the need to take steps to limit the circulation of flu viruses in dogs. These same protocols would be followed in the event of an outbreak of canine influenza with suspected human infections.