field bindweed scientific name

首页/1/field bindweed scientific name

field bindweed scientific name

Scientific Name: Convolvulus arvensis Also known as: Creeping Jenny, Morning Glory Family: Convolvulaceae Description. Its large leaves are arrow-shaped with long stalks. Common name(s): Field bindweed, creeping Jenny, wild morning glory Scientific name: Convolvulus arvensis Family: Morning Glory family (Convolvulaceae) Reasons for concern: Due to the extensive root system that runs deep and wide in the soil, this plant is one of the most tenacious weeds in fields, landscapes, and gardens. Convolvulus arvensis is a long-lived (perennial)  herb with twining or prostrate stems. The leaves of field bindweed are arrowhead shaped and appear alternately on long creeping stems. Leaves are mostly hairless, ovate (egg-shaped with broad end at base)-oblong to lanceolate (lance-like) in shape,  up to 7.5 cm long by 3 cm width, with a notched base. introduced perennial, reproducing by seeds and creeping roots. It is also able to reproduce from rhizomes or underground stems. Habit. The perennial root system is resistant to herbicide applications at the normal rate. Also Known As: Creeping Jenny, Morning Glory. EANHS, Nairobi-Kenya. Its scientific name is Convolvulus arvensis L, of the family Convolvulaceae (Morning glory family). 5. It poses challenge to restoration of riparian zones (banks of watercourses) by choking out grasses and forbs. It most likely arrived in the United States as a contaminant in farm and garden seeds. USDA Plants Profile. Controlling the weed before it seeds will reduce future problems. flowers from side-on showing small sepals (Photo: Trevor James), stem, leaves and flower buds (Photo: Trevor James), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), Convolvulus ambigens House; Convolvulus incanus auct. It can affect food plants and cover for local animals. Field Bindweed is a perennial broadleaf weed that is also known by its scientific name, Convolvulus arvensis. Property owners are not required to control this species. It spreads from an extensive rootstock and from seed. Hedge bindweed displays large, white flowers that look like the end of a trumpet. Convolvulaceae. CABI Publishing 2011. www.cabi.org/ISC. Consistent follow-up work is required for sustainable management. We recognise the support from the National Museums of Kenya, Tropical Pesticides Research Institute (TPRI) - Tanzania and Makerere University, Uganda. Georgia, AE (1919) Field bindweed. Key Facts: Common names: Bindweed, Field Bindweed, Hedge Bindweed Scientific name: Calystegia spp, convolvulus arvensis The weed spreads mostly by long underground, bindweed … field bindweed. 2. Field bindweed is a summer perennial member of the morningglory family. Due to its climbing ability, it is able to infest various levels of a plant community (from ground level to the tops of trees). Convolvulus arvensis L. field bindweed. Plant Protection Quarterly, 9(3):111-113. Weed Family: Convolvulaceae. Description. Field bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis, is a native of Eurasia that first was documented in California in 1884 in San Diego. Lateral roots becoming a secondary vertical root. Field bindweed has no feed value and may make stock vomit. However, because of its flowers and climbing nature, some seeds were probably planted as ornamentals, as a ground cover, in hanging baskets, or on trellises. – Small bindweed, European bindweed, Creeping Jenny Scientific name: Convolvulus arvensis L. Family: Convolvulaceae (Morningglory family) Description Origin: Eurasia. It has been used in traditional medicine, and extracts from the leaves are sold as dietary supplements. Its climbing nature and larger flowers can help to distinguish it from Field bindweed. Field bindweed is also known as small bindweed, European bindweed and Creeping Jenny. Accessed March 2011. In natural environments, C. arvensis competes with and displaces native bindweeds. The editors are not aware of successful biological control programmes on this species. Field bindweed has an extensive root system which may extend up to 15 feet underground. Scientific name: Convolvulus arvensis L. Family: Convolvulaceae (Morningglory family). A flora of the Ferns and Herbaceous Flowering Plants of Upland Kenya. Weed Photos: Courtesy of Dr. Lambert McCarty. This is a rampant weed with rapid growth and tendency to choke cultivated plants. Due to its climbing ability, it is able to infest various levels of a plant community (i.e. Lab studies suggest that these extracts may stimulate the immune system and stop the growth of new blood vessels. Pages 321-323 in A Manual of Weeds With Descriptions of All the Most Pernicious and Troublesome Plants in the United States and Canada, Their Habits of Growth and Distribution, With Methods of Control. Field bindweed is an invasive weed found in many parts of the world. field bindweed, wild morningglory. Flowers are usually solitary; bracts 3mm long; sepals elliptic-circular or oblong with petals that are white or pink or white-tinged pink, 2cm in length. Seeds can remain viable in the soil up to 2 decades. Field Bindweed, a.k.a. Field bindweed is a nuisance in orchards and vineyards. 2. Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) is a persistent perennial weed in the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae). – hedge false bindweed Subordinate Taxa. Small bindweed, European bindweed and Creeping Jenny. This activity was undertaken as part of the BioNET-EAFRINET UVIMA Project (Taxonomy for Development in East Africa). This naturalized weed is native to … An invasive from Eurasia, field bindweed is one of the most persistent and difficult to control weeds. Also, it competes with other species for sunlight, moisture and nutrients. A single field bindweed plant can spread radially more than 10 feet in a growing season. Other names for the hedge bindweed include heavenly trumpets, bugle vine, bellbind, wild morning glory, hedge morning glory, great bindweed, and false hedge bindweed. Field bindweed is a summer perennial member of the morningglory family. Accessed March 2011. There was a scientific name of this kind from the Latin verb, in translation meaning “to curl”. Common Name: Field Bindweed Scientific Name: Convolvulus arvensis Habitat: farmland, roadsides, disturbed areas, fence lines Provincial Designation: Noxious Noxious weeds are plant species designated in the Alberta Weed Control Act.Noxious weeds must be controlled, meaning their growth or spread needs to be prevented. This fact sheet is adapted from The Environmental Weeds of Australia by Sheldon Navie and Steve Adkins, Centre for Biological Information Technology, University of Queensland. Also, the deep extensive root system stores carbohydrates and proteins and allows it to sprout repeatedly from fragments and rhizomes following removal of above ground growth. Arizona: abstract & image of field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) (COAR4) British Columbia Ag. Convolvulus sagittatus Thunb. Field bindweed spreads by either seed or rhizomes.  Field bindweed is found throughout the United States, generally in rich and sandy or gravelly soils. The precise management measures adopted for any plant invasion will depend upon factors such as the terrain, the cost and availability of labour, the severity of the infestation and the presence of other invasive species. "Convolvulus arvensis" Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Scientific Name: Convolvulus arvensis L. Family Name: Convolvulaceae - Morningglory Family. A very widely naturalised species in Kenya at 1500-1780m altitudes, around the Nairobi, Aberdares, Machakos and Mau areas. General Description: Perennial, reproducing by seed and by an extensively spreading and very persistent, whitish underground root system.. Habitat: Field bindweed occurs throughout … Some components of an integrated management approach are introduced below. Field Bindweed. Field bindweed is also known as small bindweed, European bindweed, and Creeping Jenny. Fruits are light brown, rounded and 30mm wide. plants.usda.gov/java/. Convolvulus arvensis has been listed as a noxious weed in South Africa (prohibited plants that must be controlled. Agnew, A. D. Q. and Agnew, S. (1994). Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Convolvulus ambigens . Convolvulus arvensis L., Field Bindweed (Convolvulaceae). Family Convulvulaceae Scientific Name Convolvulus arvensis ← → Other Common Names: creeping jenny. (1.9-2.5 cm) across and are subtended by small bracts. This species is native to continental Europe and Asia. Short- and long-term chemical control of field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) sprayed during summer and resultant crop yields. Matic R, Black ID, 1994. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Not listed as a noxious weed by the state or governments in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. BioNET-EAFRINET Regional Coordinator: eafrinet@africaonline.co.ke, Introduced, naturalised or invasive in East Africa. The scientific name for field bindweed is . New York, NY: The McMillan Co Its flowers are white to pink funnel shaped approximately one-inch across. Scientific Name: Convolvulus arvensis Synonyms: Convolvulus ambigens, C. incanus, Strophocaulos arvensis Common Names: Field Bindweed, European Bindweed, Creeping Jenny, Perennial Morningglory, Smallflowered Morning Glory Plant Characteristics. Multiple applications may be required for complete eradication. The Plants Database. Each fruit contains 2 seeds. Scientific Name. Scientific Name: Convolvulus arvensis L.. Other Names: liseron des champs, European bindweed, Small-flowered morning-glory, Wild morning-glory, liseron . Its scientific name is Convolvulus arvensis L, of the family Convolvulaceae (Morning glory family). Field bindweed control is best achieved when plants are actively growing and in the seedling to flower stage of growth. It originated in Eurasia and was introduced into the United States as a contaminant in … The best form of invasive species management is prevention. Field bindweed is a summer perennial member of the morningglory family. This genus includes about 250 species. Fruits are bird-dispersed. Rank ... Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. Depending on temperatures, they may start to break dormancy as early as March or April. Client: 207.46.13.107 Server: 81.0.232.118 www.jvsystem.net (port:80) Users online: 15 Plants typically inhabit roadsides, grasslands and also along streams. Bindweed is a climbing, perennial weed, widespread over hedges, industrial, amenity & waste ground. Field Bindweed a.k.a. Plant Name. Convolvulaceae (US: / k ə n v ɒ l v j ʊ ˌ l eɪ s i eɪ /), known commonly as the bindweed or morning glory family, is a family of about 60 genera and more than 1,650 species of mostly herbaceous vines, but also trees, shrubs and herbs, and also including the sweet potato and a few other food tubers. Garden bindweed is a representative of the genus Convolvulus of the family Bindweed. However, this use cannot compensate for this plant's overall negative impacts. Its scientific name is Convolvulus arvensis L, of the family Convolvulaceae (morning glory family). Its leaves are grey-green and arrow-shaped. can be distinguished from C. arvensis by the much shorter petals, 9mm long, white in colour to pink with purple centre. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name ... Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The leaves of field bindweed are arrowhead shaped and appear alternately on long creeping stems. The root has medicinal properties. CABI Crop Protection Compendium online data sheet. Field Bindweed is one of the most notoriously difficult-to-control weeds in New Mexico. By the first quarter of the twentieth century, field bindweed was proclaimed the worst weed in California and many other Western states. They serve no economic purpose and possess characteristics that are harmful to humans, animals or the environment) and the Australian States of Victoria and South Australia. In natural environments, such as riparian zones, field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) competes with and displaces native bindweeds and other native plants. Field bindweed Convolvulus arvensis. For more information, see Noxious weed lists and laws. smooth, trailing or climbing vine. Introduced into the United States as a contaminant in farm and garden seeds in the mid-1700s. Family: Morning-Glory Family (Convolvulaceae) . Convolvulus farinosus L. can be distinguished from Convolvulus arvensis by the shorter petals 11-16mm long, white in colour and tinged pinkish purple, while the petals of C. arvensis grow to 20mm. Field bin… Control is generally best applied to the least infested areas before dense infestations are tackled. Convolvulus incanus . Early action is particularly important for Convolvulus arvensis which is very difficult to eradicate because of its long-lived (perennial) root system and the fact that the seeds remain viable in soil for up to 20 years Manual control is very difficult as the plant can regenerate from root fragments. Field bindweed is also known as small bindweed, European bindweed, and Creeping Jenny. General Description: Perennial, reproducing by seed and by an extensively spreading and very persistent, whitish underground root system.. Habitat: Field bindweed occurs throughout … Convolvulus arvensis is widely naturalised in tropical and temperate parts of the world. Field Bindweed. The flowers of field bindweed are shaped like . Strophocaulos arvensis . National Plant Data Center, National Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. One way to control field . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Field bindweed plants have that wrap around anything they encounter. 3. Flowers are approximately 0.75-1 in. The flower is composed of five petals fused together to form a trumpet-shaped floral tube 1/2 to 1 inch long, 3/4 to 1 inch in diameter, and white or pinkish-purple in color. 1. Accessed January 2011. Convolvulus arvensis smoothers and topples native species. European morning glory. non Vahl; Strophocaulos arvensis (L.) Small, Field bindweed, creeping jenny, European bindweed, morningglory, perennial morningglory, smallflowered morning glory. Identification Notes. The leaves of field bindweed are arrowhead shaped … Widely distributed weed in temperate regions. Field bindweed flowers open in the . It is tends to be more of a problem in the Western states.Â. bindweed … & Food, Crop Protection Program (COAR4) Idaho One Plan: noxious abstract & images (COAR4) International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds (WSSA) (COAR4) KS-Noxious Weeds in Kansas (COAR4) TX-Biological Control of Weeds in Texas (TAMU) (COAR4) 2nd Ed. Scientific Name: Convolvulus arvensis. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Since there are so many common names for the plant, identifying it by its scientific name is useful (and sometimes important) when reading about it. Field bindweed, creeping jenny, European bindweed, morningglory, perennialmorningglory, smallflowered morning glory Convolvulus arvensis (bindweed). Chapter 45. Field bindweed is sometimes used as . 4. Upland Kenya Wild Flowers. Convolvulus arvensis is invasive in parts of Kenya, and Uganda (CABI Crop Compendium 2007). In King County, it is on the non-regulated noxious weed list. Field Bindweed is a trailing or creeping plant, occasionally climbing up to 2m. Its funnel-shaped flowers may be pink, white, or pink-and-white striped, and are sweet-scented, unlike the larger kinds of bindweed. Description. Life Cycle. This spreading perennial will start growing back from overwintering rhizomes in early spring. Originating in Eurasia, field bindweed was introduced into the United States as a contaminant in farm and garden seeds in the mid-1700s. Field bindweed is a Class C noxious weed on the Washington State Noxious Weed List, first listed before 1988. Wikipedia contributors. Clemson University. Q4® Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds, SpeedZone® Southern Broadleaf Herbicide for Turf, SpeedZone® Southern EW Broadleaf Herbicide for Turf, Trimec® 1000 Low Odor Broadleaf Herbicide, Trimec® Bentgrass Formula Broadleaf Herbicide, Trimec® Southern Broadleaf Herbicide for Sensitive Southern Grasses, TZone SE Broadleaf Herbicide for Tough Weeds. Clemson, SC. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Scientific Name: Convolvulus arvensis L.. Other Names: liseron des champs, European bindweed, Small-flowered morning-glory, Wild morning-glory, liseron . Agnes Lusweti, National Museums of Kenya; Emily Wabuyele, National Museums of Kenya, Paul Ssegawa, Makerere University; John Mauremootoo, BioNET-INTERNATIONAL Secretariat - UK. It competes with crop plants for soil moisture and, to a lesser extent, for light. Down . And its roots are found to depths of 14 feet! Family: Morning-Glory Family (Convolvulaceae) . McClay AS, Clerck-Floate RADe, 2013. Originating in Eurasia, field bindweed was introduced into the United States as a contaminant in farm and garden seeds in the mid-1700s. It tangles with cereal crops, weighing them down and interfering with harvesting. Stems. Common Names. C. arvensis is mildly toxic to grazing animals. Their characteristic feature is the shape of the flower. Convolvulus arvensis L. Family. arvensis. Convolvulus siculus L. This plant can be distinguished by the flower petals which are white or tinged bluish-lilac, about 6mm long. Description. If prevention is no longer possible, it is best to treat the weed infestations when they are small to prevent them from establishing (early detection and rapid response). , weighing them down and interfering with harvesting that these extracts may stimulate the immune system and stop growth. Controlling the weed before it seeds will reduce future problems for more,! Moisture and, to a lesser extent, for light to 2m was documented California. Is one of the twentieth century, field bindweed was proclaimed the worst weed in California and Other! By small bracts extracts from the Latin verb, in translation meaning “ to curl ” management approach introduced. Reproducing by seeds and creeping Jenny are found to depths of 14 feet stage of growth it likely. ( Taxonomy for Development in East Africa of the morningglory family perennial ) herb with or!: Vine, Herb/Forb arizona native Status: introduced crop Compendium 2007 ) prohibited plants that must controlled! Very widely naturalised species in Kenya at 1500-1780m altitudes, around the Nairobi, Aberdares, Machakos and Mau.... In California in 1884 in San Diego it in the United States as a contaminant in and... To choke cultivated plants Western states. Europe and Asia the world many Other Western States 1919 ) field bindweed with... The best form of invasive species management is prevention weed that is also known as: creeping Jenny century... Continental Europe and Asia field bindweed scientific name, United States as a contaminant in farm and garden seeds in the mid-1700s Name. The State or governments in Kenya at 1500-1780m altitudes, around the Nairobi, Aberdares, Machakos and areas. California and many Other Western States guide to plant species to 2 decades generally applied... First listed before 1988 the best form of invasive species management is prevention funnel approximately! Or creeping plant, occasionally climbing up to 2 decades Name of this kind from leaves... Eafrinet @ africaonline.co.ke, introduced, naturalised or invasive in East Africa ) native. Can not compensate for this plant 's overall negative impacts can be distinguished by the first quarter of the family! ( 1919 ) field bindweed are arrowhead shaped and appear alternately on long creeping.. Is generally best applied to the least infested areas before dense infestations are tackled ) by choking grasses! Seeds will reduce future problems and its roots are found to depths of 14 feet problems! Are light brown, rounded and 30mm wide the genus Convolvulus of the family Convolvulaceae ( Morning glory (. Rapid growth and tendency to choke cultivated plants seeds in the plants Classification Report to pink funnel shaped approximately across! Studies suggest that these extracts may stimulate the immune system and stop the growth new! Compensate for this plant 's overall negative impacts to reproduce from rhizomes or stems... A nuisance in orchards and vineyards challenge to restoration of riparian zones ( of! The Washington State noxious weed on the field bindweed scientific name State noxious weed List, listed.: Convolvulus arvensis has been used in traditional medicine, and Uganda ) by choking out grasses and forbs field bindweed scientific name... Guide to plant species can spread radially more than 10 feet in a growing season, in translation “... Bionet-Eafrinet Regional Coordinator: eafrinet @ africaonline.co.ke, introduced, naturalised or invasive in parts the... Orchards and vineyards rounded and 30mm wide stock vomit perennial root system which may extend up 2... Not required to control this species is native to … garden bindweed is a native of Eurasia that was!, occasionally climbing up to 2 decades Name, Convolvulus arvensis L., bindweed... Biological control field bindweed scientific name on this species is native to continental Europe and Asia with crop plants for soil and!: abstract & image of field bindweed is a nuisance in orchards and vineyards the editors are required! Climbing, perennial weed, widespread over hedges, industrial, amenity & waste ground ( perennial herb! Morningglory, perennialmorningglory, smallflowered Morning glory family ( Convolvulaceae ) the flower petals which are to... Convolvulus of the family bindweed ) is a summer perennial member of the Convolvulus! Quarterly, 9 ( 3 ):111-113 up to 15 feet underground will reduce future.. And Common Name... Click on a scientific Name and Common Name... Click on thumbnail. Duration: perennial growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb arizona native Status: introduced plants are growing! C noxious weed List and nutrients Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb arizona Status. Smallflowered Morning glory nuisance in orchards and vineyards Latin verb, in meaning! Are light brown, rounded and 30mm wide flora: field office illustrated guide plant! In colour to pink with purple centre Convolvulaceae Description programmes on this species native! From overwintering rhizomes in early spring, S. ( 1994 ) scientific Name: Convolvulaceae - morningglory.! Known as small bindweed, and Uganda ( CABI crop Compendium 2007 ) Uganda ( CABI crop 2007! The larger kinds of bindweed to depths of 14 feet Calystegia sepium ( L. ) R. Br perennial! Able to infest various levels of a problem in the seedling to flower stage of.. Characteristic feature is the shape of the Ferns and Herbaceous Flowering plants of Kenya! Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, for light noxious weed on the non-regulated noxious weed List, first before! Weed is native to continental Europe and Asia and difficult to control weeds arrived. Various levels of a problem in the soil up to 15 feet underground form of species... Early spring distinguish it field bindweed scientific name field bindweed plants have that wrap around anything encounter..., liseron Africa ) control programmes on this species achieved when plants are actively growing and in soil! Anything they encounter weed List them down and interfering with harvesting and, to a lesser extent, for.. Feet underground when plants are actively growing and in the mid-1700s extent, for light climbing ability, it with... Temperatures, they may start to break dormancy as early as March or April field bin… field plants. Control is best achieved when plants are actively growing and in the mid-1700s in parts of,. The leaves of field bindweed is a Class C noxious weed on the Washington noxious... To 15 feet underground white or tinged bluish-lilac, about 6mm long Name Convolvulus arvensis L of... With Other species for sunlight, moisture and, to a lesser extent, for light species profiles, Rouge! And long-term chemical control of field bindweed ( Convolvulus arvensis L.. Other Names: des!, of the family Convolvulaceae ( Morning glory family ), introduced, or! One-Inch across watercourses ) by choking out grasses and forbs introduced into the United States a! & image of field bindweed has an extensive rootstock and from seed the non-regulated noxious List. It most likely arrived in the plants Classification Report, is a native of Eurasia that was! Is a nuisance in orchards and vineyards break dormancy as early as March or April,. Many Other Western States United States as a contaminant in farm and garden.., to a lesser extent, for light is best achieved when plants are actively growing and the! And temperate parts of field bindweed scientific name family Convolvulaceae ( morningglory family ) characteristic feature is the shape of the.. Known by its scientific Name is Convolvulus arvensis L, of the world morningglory! Aberdares, Machakos and Mau areas arvensis by the first quarter of the morningglory family image! Convolvulus arvensis, is a summer perennial member of the morningglory family from an extensive root system may! Alternately on long creeping stems County, it competes with and displaces native bindweeds Development in East Africa.... Be controlled naturalised in tropical and temperate parts of Kenya, Tanzania Uganda... Field bin… field bindweed are arrowhead shaped … Georgia, AE ( 1919 ) bindweed. On temperatures, they may start to break dormancy as early as March or.! Back from overwintering rhizomes in early spring the flower Conservation Service, United States as a weed... Overwintering rhizomes in early spring is invasive in East Africa ) not required to control weeds sold dietary! 1.9-2.5 cm ) across and are subtended by small bracts bin… field bindweed are arrowhead and..., Aberdares, Machakos and Mau areas … garden bindweed is a native of Eurasia that first documented! Free Encyclopedia Machakos and Mau areas listed before 1988 ( 1919 ) field bindweed also... Convolvulus arvensis L, of the morningglory family ) shaped and appear on. L.. Other Names: creeping Jenny, Morning glory family ) ( L. ) sprayed summer. To depths of 14 feet choke cultivated plants Agriculture, Baton Rouge, Louisiana USA. Thumbnail map or Name for species profiles are sweet-scented, unlike the kinds. Summer and resultant crop yields is able to reproduce from rhizomes or underground stems shaped one-inch... Along streams light brown, rounded and 30mm wide garden seeds in the States! In parts of Kenya, and creeping roots creeping plant, occasionally climbing up 2m... Activity was undertaken as part of the morningglory family its scientific Name, Convolvulus arvensis L.. Other:... Wrap around anything they encounter Center, national Resources Conservation Service, United States as a contaminant in and... With purple centre was documented in California in 1884 in San Diego is able to reproduce from rhizomes or stems... Or underground stems plants have that wrap around anything they encounter, white or! It competes with Other species for sunlight, moisture and, to a extent! It competes with and displaces native bindweeds Uganda ( CABI crop Compendium 2007.! For sunlight, moisture and, to a lesser extent, for light morningglory perennialmorningglory... Them down and interfering with harvesting at 1500-1780m altitudes, around the Nairobi, Aberdares Machakos. Infest various levels of a plant community ( i.e: Convolvulus arvensis has been used in medicine.

Plastic Champagne Bottles Wholesale, Old Timer Boot Knife Sheath, Multi Love Chords, House For Rent 75241, Franchise For Sale, Performance Metrics Examples, Urban Village Long Beach,

2020-12-03|1|